Learning disabilities commonly manifest in difficultly with information processing. They are the result of a neurobiological disorder, and can effect a host of areas including memory, reading, writing and math abilities. Learning disabilities can also impede speech, reasoning, social behavior, physical coordination, organization and meta cognition. One of the tale-tell signs of a learning disability is a child who is not progressing at the level of his or her peers. Because of differences in brain structure and function, children with learning disabilities may have to learn differently from their peers. Learning disabilities are very common, as they can effect 1 in 5 people. In fact, about 3 million children have one of the many learning disabilities listed below.
General Learning Disabilities
The skills and extent of learning disabilities may vary from child to child. Contrary to popular belief, learning disabilities commonly occur in children who are above average intelligence, or even intellectually gifted. Learning disabilities can be a challenge that lasts an entire lifetime, but one that can be coped with. Its manifestations may also change across time. Some common disabilities include reading disabilities, writing disabilities (dysgraphia) and math disabilities (dyscalculia). The good news is that learning disabilities are recognized on a national and state level, and many resources abound to help children overcome them. There are also certain tips and strategies that parents can read and implement to help smooth the effects of the disabilities and encourage better performance in schools.
Reading disabilities are usually blanketed under the term dyslexia, or the auditory difficulties associated with language comprehension that complicate fluent reading. A child who is suspected of having a reading disability may have difficulty pronouncing words, rhyming, and memorizing the alphabet and numbers. They may also have trouble learning shapes, colors and even days of the week. Kids who have a reading disability often have Attention Deficit and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, too. Children whose reading disabilities are caught early have as high as a 95% chance to learn how to cope and overcome with their learning disability. Since reading is a fundamental skill that follows a child all throughout his or her life, it's imperative that the disability be caught early and addressed in adequately. Resources for reading disabilities can be taken advantage of in schools or in other learning centers.
Dysgraphia is the umbrella name given to difficulties with writing. Difficulties that impede information professing and the motor skills necessary to write can lead to a writing disability. Some common signs of a writing disability include poor spelling, illegible handwriting and problems with the written expression of thoughts. Writing disabilities can also manifest in visual-spatial difficulties, and can accompanist Attention Deficit and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Children with writing disabilities can have trouble expressing themselves in written form. While overcoming this disability can effect school performance, it can also influence emotional health, as children learn how to effectively express themselves in writing.
Commonly called dyscalculia, a math disability is an learning problem that arises in the subject after a teaching professional has invested sufficient time into teaching a student its concepts. Math disabilities impede a child from progressing in the subject, as compared to his or her peer group. Memory, cognitive development, and visual spatial problems often lead to math disabilities. This can result in children have difficulty mastering number facts, understanding the language of math and comprehending abstract math problems. Unfortunately, students with math disabilities rarely get the recognition and help that those with reading disabilities do, even though math disabilities are acknowledged federally and within the state. Students who have a math disability also commonly have Attention Deficit/Hyper Activity disorder. Math is another building block of life, and can be the backbone of many jobs that children take as adults. For this reason, math disabilities should be addressed early, so that they can keep up with their peers in their learning environments.
By: Daniel Watson